The History Of Taiwan’s Feminist Politician Annette Lu

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Annette Lu Hsiu-lienis a Taiwanese politician and was born on June 7th of 1944. In 1990, she became a member of the Democratic Progressive Party. In 1992, she was elected to the Legislative Yuan. From 1997 to 2000, she was the Magistrate for Taoyuan County and served the Republic of China under President Chen Shui-bian as the Vice President between 2000 and 2008. On March 6th, 2007, she announced she would run for President, but withdrew. She withdrew again in 2012 and left the Democratic Progressive Party in 2018.

 

Annette Lu was born in northern Taiwan in Toen Town under Japanese rule. She attended the National Taiwan University and studied law. After graduating in 1967, she earned her Master of Laws from both Harvard University and the University of Illinois. She was a feminist advocate during the 1970’s in Taiwan. She wrote the Xin Nüxing Zhuyi or New Feminism. She joined the Tangwai movement after renouncing her membership in the KMT. She worked for Formosa magazine and became active in an opposition movement calling for the end of authoritarian rule and the beginning of democracy called the tang-wai.

 

In 1979, Annette Lu criticized the government in a speech at the International Human Rights Day rally referred to as the Kaohsiung Incident. She was imprisoned along with the members of the democracy movement, found guilty of sedition and sentenced to twelve years in prison by a military court. She spent five years and six months in prison and was released as a prisoner of conscience. In 1990, she joined the Democratic Progressive Party. In 1992, she was elected to the Legislative Yuan. She became the Magistrate of Taoyuan in 1997 and was selected as Chen Shui-bian’s running mate for the Presidential elections of 2000.

 

While in prison, Annette Lu wrote a novel called These Three Women. A portion of the novel was completed on toilet paper to avoid surveillance. The novel was adapted for a screenplay in 2008 and broadcast on the Chinese Television System in November of 2008. She was elected Vice President in 2000 and in 2001 she received the World Peace Prize from the World Peace Corps Mission. She announced her candidacy for the 2008 Presidential election in 2008. She withdrew with only 6.16 percent of the votes in the primary. During a campaign trip to Tainan in 2004, she was shot in the right knee. It was suggested by the Pan-Blue Coalition the shooting was staged to gain sympathy votes. The next day the election was won by the Chen/Lu ticket. She announced she was contesting the Democratic Progressive Party in 2018 for the Taipei mayoral primary. She left the party when Pasuya Yao was nominated by the DPP.

 

Annette Lu was accused of provoking animosity by the state newspapers due to her outspoken words regarding Taiwan independence. She was labeled by the PRC state media as scum of the earth and insane. She spoke at George Washington University in 2013 calling for the DPP to understand Mainland China. She felt the future of Taiwan was dependent on developing the mainland. She wanted Mainland China and Taiwan to pursue cultural exchanges, industrial cooperation and peaceful coexistence. She spoke at Taipei’s Anti-One China Principle Union in 2013. She issued a warning about the 2005 Anti-Secession Law and the erosion of Taiwan’s sovereignty. She stated ROC President Ma Ying-jeou had made Taiwan dependent on China.

 

Annette Lu was indicted on corruption charges in 2007 as the Vice President by Taiwan’s Supreme Prosecutor’s Office. The charges were writing off expenses from a governmental account using false receipts. Yu Shyi-Kun resigned from the Democratic Progressive Party when he was indicted the same day. General Mark Chen was also indicted on corruption charges.

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